Nanotechnology impact on computer technology

Smaller, faster and lighter computers will be the potential result of the nanotechnology impact on computer technology. Smaller transistors will allow more complex and sophisticated features to be packed into the products which allow for computers to run faster and safer from a browsing experience to business applications.

Today’s pocket-sized smartphone has more computing power than the huge computers. The story will continue. Nanoelectronics will use atom-thin wires and molecule-sized transistors. Such devices will have more memory and calculating ability in smaller space. The power consumption will be reduced.

“Tiny” means billionths of a meter, or about 1/500th the width of a human hair. These nanomaterials are more reactive chemically. They display new electronic properties that can lead to creation of stronger and tougher materials, more resistant to friction and wear than bulk materials.

Nanoscale ferroelectrics will promote development of better multilayer capacitors. These will make possible even smaller cell phones. Improved nano-engineered ferroelectric crystals can create nonvolatile random access memory. A simple wave of a smart card has begun to identify personnel or pay for items or services. Laptop computers would no longer need back-up batteries. So they will become smaller and lighter. The same will hold good for cell phones.

The microscopic size of computer circuit transistors is reaching the threshold of nanotechnology.  Designs using atoms and molecules as building blocks will lead almost invisibly-tiny computer systems and portable systems millions of times more powerful than today’s laptops and smartphones.

Computer makers increase speed by linking up thousands of processor chips. This is massive parallelism. It adds power. A processor made with nanotechnology will have linear dimensions up to 1,000 times smaller than current ones. So a computer system will fit 1 billion processors in the space that now has just one. Massively-parallel computer systems will solve tough problems in every field.

How fast will the nanotechnology develop and produce results is the question troubling many researchers. Some think that nanotechnology can be used to produce replicator-like devices that can create almost anything from simple raw materials. And they hope that all this will happen in not too distant a future. Others see nanotechnology only as a tool to help us do what we do now, but faster or better.

We are hoping that nanotechnology will change the computer scene almost like a magic. It is certainly seems magical but  will nanotechnology have a significant impact on our life in a single decade, or will the promised advances need much more time to become realities?

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